What is 1095 Cro-Van steel?
1095 Cro-Van steel is high carbon steel based on 1095 steel, but unlike 1095 it comes with added Vanadium, Molybdenum, Nitrogen, and Chromium. Additionally, this steel comes in many names including, 50-110B, 50100B, 0170-6, Carbon V, 1095CV, and sometimes Sharon steel. Sharon steel was the first company that produced this steel, but it closed down.
The formal name registered under the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) is 50100B. However, marketers changed the name to 1095 Cro-Van to inform users that it is associated with 1095 steel. 1095 Cro-Van is used for a variety of applications including making knives, mill rolls to dyes.
1095 Cro-Van steel Chemical composition
- Carbon C 1.10%: Increases edge retention, hardness, and tensile strength. It also improves steel resistance to wear, abrasion, and corrosion.
- Chromium Cr 0.60%: Formation of Chromium carbides. Increases the blade’s hardness, tensile strength, and corrosion resistance.
- Molybdenum Mo 0.06%: It improves machinability and hardness.
- Vanadium V 0.25%: inhibits grain growth during elevated temperature processing and heat treatment, which enhances the strength and toughness of steel. It also forms carbides that increase wear resistance.
- Nickel Ni 0.25%: improves strength and toughness. It increases hardenability but not as much as some of the other alloying elements in steel. It can improve corrosion resistance in significant amounts
- Phosphorous P 0.02%: Increases the strength and improves machinability of steel
- Manganese Mn 0.50%: improves the strength and hardness of steel. When the steel is heat-treated, hardenability is improved with increased manganese.
- Silicon Si 0.25%: Increases strength and heat resistance.
- Sulfur S 0.02%: Improves machinability.
Properties of Cro-Van Steel
1095 Cro-Van Steel Hardness
1095 Cro-Van steel has a hardness of 56-60HRC as per the Rockwell hardness scale. The credits to the hardness of this steel go to the carbon, molybdenum, and vanadium contents in its composition.
The specific heat treatment differs from the heat treatment and other parameters used by the manufacturer.
1095 Cro-Van Toughness
As a rule of thumb, hard steels are brittle, but this is not the case with 1095 Cro-Van steel. Its hardness level gives a decent toughness and makes it more versatile. Due to its level of toughness, it is used in the combat and utility tools industry.
1095 Cro-Van Steel Edge retention
The edge retention of steel majorly depends on its hardness. 1095 Cro- Van offers reliable edge retention as it is not a very hard steel. This means that there are better steels in keeping an edge out there, but this steel will not require you to keep sharpening.
This steel is able to remain sharp for a long time because of the manganese, Vanadium, chromium, and carbon in its composition.
1095 Cro-Van Wear resistance
Given the hardness of this steel, you can be sure that it will serve you for long without wearing out. However, proper care and maintenance are key for the lifespan of this steel.
For example, do not subject knives made from this steel to extremely tough applications like batoning and expect them to last long.
Does 1095 Cro-Van Steel rust ?
1095 Cro-Van steel is vulnerable to corrosion and rusting, and this is its major downside. This is because it is not stainless steel. Yes, it contains some amounts of chromium, but not enough to make it stainless steel. This tells you that knives made from this steel are not good options for humid and wet environments.
If you like the other properties of this steel, corrosion alone should not deny you the chance to enjoy it because, with proper care, it can serve you long without rusting. Ensure to keep the blade dry and apply some cooking oil for lubrication when not in use, and you might never complain about rust and stains.
Sharpening 1095 Cro-Van Steel
Hard steel is challenging to sharpen, but the hardness of 1095 Cro- Van does not make it difficult to sharpen. You can quickly get a sharp edge without advanced sharpening skills using simple sharpening tools. 1095CV easily takes an edge even with regular sharpening tools.
1095 Cro-Van vs Other Knife Steels
1095 Cro-Van vs 420HC
1095 Cro- Van beats 420HC steel in edge retention and wear resistance, while 420HC shines in toughness, corrosion resistance, and it is easier to sharpen. They are both affordable and most knife makers use both steel for budget knives in the same price range.
1095 Cro-Van vs D2
D2 steel is harder than its 1095 Cro-Van. Therefore, it offers better edge retention, wear resistance, and abrasion resistance. On the other hand, 1095 Cro-Van is easier to sharpen. D2 tool steel is superior to 1095CV due to its carbide structure and content. D2 is also considered semi-stainless steel so it will resist corrosion better.
Is 1095 Cro-Van Steel Good Knives?
Yes, 1095 Cro-Van steel is a great choice for low-cost knives because it’s not as rust-resistant as stainless steel. 1095 Cro-Van steel offers great edge retention, wear resistance, is easy to sharpen, and offers an admirable balance of hardness and toughness. Considering these properties, it is right to say that it is good steel for knives.
My name is Jonathan M, and I’m a passionate Mechanical Engineer, a knife enthusiast, and the author of this website. I have a bachelor's degree in Mechanical engineering with a specialization in material science. I am particularly interested in researching knife steel, knife properties, and brands. I hope you will find value in the articles on this website. Contact me if you have any questions or input!