What is DSR-1K6 Steel?
DSR-1K6 steel is a medium carbon stainless steel made by Daido Steel Co. Ltd. It is the equivalent of AUS 6A and stands out for its corrosion resistance and toughness.
DSR-1K6 steel is also referred to as 1K6 steel. It contains 0.6% carbon, categorizing it as low-end steel used to manufacture low-entry kitchen knives.
DSR-1K6 is stainless steel because it contains 14% Chromium, more than the amount required to make steel stainless. It offers incredibly good corrosion resistance as there is plenty of chromium in its alloy composition left after the formation of chromium carbides.
DSR-1K6 Steel Composition
- Carbon C 0.60%: Increases edge retention, hardness, and tensile strength. It also improves steel resistance to wear, abrasion, and corrosion.
- Chromium Cr 13.50%: Formation of Chromium carbides. Increases the blade’s hardness, tensile strength, and corrosion resistance.
- Vanadium V 0.13%: inhibits grain growth during elevated temperature processing and heat treatment, which enhances the strength and toughness of steel. It also forms carbides that increase wear resistance.
- Nickel Ni 0.49%: improves strength and toughness. It increases hardenability but not as much as some of the other alloying elements in steel. It can enhance corrosion resistance in significant amounts
- Silicon Si 1.00%: Increases strength and heat resistance.
Properties of DSR-1K6 Steel
DSR 1K6 Steel Hardness
DSR-1K6 steel has a Rockwell hardness of 55-58 HRC. Manufacturers achieve different hardness levels depending on the heat treatment used. This hardness level categorizes it as soft steel, making it easy to machine and sharpen. The low hardness of DSR-1K6 steel is attributed to the low carbon elements in its composition.
DSR 1K6 Steel Wear resistance
The wear resistance of steel is directly related to its hardness. Being soft steel, DSR-1K6 steel offers decent wear resistance. It is not the best wear resistance on the market, but it is enough to withstand wear and abrasion from daily usage and frequent sharpening.
DSR 1K6 Steel Edge retention
Considering its level of hardness, DSR 1K6 steel offers decent edge retention. The blades will remain sharp for a considerable amount of cuts, but not as long as high-end steels. DSR-1K6 steel knives are not the best for outdoor use because you must frequently stop for sharpening.
DSR-1K6 steel’s low edge retention is attributed to the lack of hard carbides that tend to greatly increase a steel’s edge retention. This is also the reason why it performs poorly on wear resistance.
DSR 1K6 Steel Toughness
The toughness of steel is inversely proportional to the hardness. This means that steel can either give you hardness or toughness but never both. Being soft steel, DSR-1K6 offers great toughness.
The blades can withstand impact and pressure without chipping or breaking. Besides the low hardness, the toughness of DSR 1K6 steel is also attributed to the Nickel and Manganese composition.
DSR-1K6 knives can withstand tough applications but might deform from very tough applications like batoning. Therefore, for the knives to serve you longer, do not use them for challenging applications.
DSR 1K6 Steel Corrosion resistance
DSR-1K6 steel contains 13.5% chromium, making it stainless steel. This means that it is not prone to rust and corrosion. DSR-1K6 steel knives do not rust or stain easily, but like any other steel, they require proper care and maintenance.
Because of the ability to fight corrosion, the knives can be used in wet, humid, and areas with salty water. This is why DSR 1K6 knives are good for kitchen and outdoor use. In addition, the knives do not require heavy maintenance.
Ease of Sharpening DSR-1K6 Steel
The ease of sharpening steel is determined by its hardness. With that in mind, we can already tell that DSR-1K6 is easy to sharpen because it is soft steel. It attains a razor-sharp edge with simple sharpening tools and basic sharpening skills. DSR-1K6 steel is a good starting point if you are learning knife sharpening.
DSR-1K6 steel comparison
DSR 1k6 vs VG10
VG 10 steel is better than DSR-1K6 steel in most aspects including corrosion resistance, edge retention, and wear resistance. The alloy composition of VG10 steel is superior to that of DSR-1K6 steel as it contains more carbon, chromium, and also additional elements like vanadium and cobalt which greatly improves its strength over DSR-1K6.
VG 10 steel contains a larger percentage of hard carbides that greatly boosts its edge retention over that of DSR-1K6. VG10 wear resistance is also better than that of DSR-1K6 due to the presence of carbides like vanadium carbides which are incredibly hard.
DSR-1K6 steel being soft steel tends to offer better toughness than VG 10 steel which achieves incredibly high Rockwell hardness. DSR-1K6 steel knives will also be much easier to sharpen due to the softness of the steel.
DSR-1K6 vs 440A
DSR-1K6 and 440A have a similar chemical composition, but 440A is a better performer because it contains more carbon and chromium. It offers better hardness, edge retention, wear resistance, and corrosion resistance. On the other hand, DSR-1K6 steel provides better toughness and is easier to sharpen because it is mild steel.
DSR-1K6 vs 1055 Steel
DSR-1K6 is similar to 1055 steel in that they are both medium carbon steels. Because of the low hardness, they are tough steel, which offers excellent toughness and resistance to impact and shocks.
However, 1055 steel is not stainless steel and is prone to rusting and staining. DSR-1K6 steel is a good alternative if you love all the properties of 1055, but you want to use the knife in highly corrosive environments.
Is DSR-1K6 good knife steel?
DSR-1K6 steel is popularly used in knife making, and it is good knife steel because it offers great toughness, good corrosion resistance, and is easy to work with in terms of heat treatment. The major downside of DSR 1K6 steel is its poor edge retention and wear resistance which is due to its comparatively low Rockwell hardness.
Knives made from DSR-1K6 steel are surprisingly stiff, and therefore they are practical and convenient to use for tougher applications as they do not cheap or break easily. If your focus is on edge retention check other steels like Vanadis 4E steel or AR-RPM9 Steel.