If you are looking for quality kitchen knives on the market, you might have realized knives made from X50CrMoV15 steel are very popular.
X50CrMoV15 is stainless steel produced by German manufacturers, and it is popularly used to make kitchen knives like cleavers, paring knives, utility knives, chopping knives, and all-purpose kitchen shears.
Due to its chemical composition, X50CrMoV15 blades are durable, resistant to corrosion and rusting, making it an ideal choice for kitchen knives. It is also produced as 1.4116 stainless steel.
X50CrMoV15 steel Chemical composition
- Carbon C 0.55%: Increases the edge retention, hardness and tensile strength. It also improves steel resistance to wear, abrasion and corrosion.
- Chromium Cr 15.00%: More than 11% of Chromium is what makes X50CrMoV15 “stainless” steel. Chromium Increases hardness, tensile strength and toughness of the blade.
- Molybdenum Mo 0.80%: It improves machinability and hardness.
- Nitrogen Ni 0.60%: Adds Toughness to the blade.
- Manganese Mn 1.00%: Increases Hardness.
- Silicon Si 1.00%: Increases strength and heat resistance.
- Phosphorus P 0.04%: Improves machinability and hardness.
- Sulfur S 0.015%: Improves machinability.
- Vanadium 0.20% Improves hardenability.
Properties of X50CrMoV15 steel
X50CrMoV15 Steel Hardness
The maximum hardness of X50CrMoV15 as per Rockwell Hardness is 56 HRC. However, X50CrMoV15 HRC ranges from 52 to 56 HRC depending on the manufacturer’s treatment.
This hardness level is not the best you can get on the market, but the blades are hard enough to handle all food items in the kitchen.
X50CrMoV15 Steel Corrosion resistance
One of the features that make X50CrMoV15 steel stand out is its ability to resist corrosion and rust. The high levels of chromium and Molybdenum give the knife its corrosion-resistant features.
Irrespective of the environmental conditions and usage of knives made from this steel, you can be assured that they will never rust or stain.
X50CrMoV15 Steel Edge retention
The edge retention of this X50CrMoV15 steel can be described as good enough and especially for kitchen knives. It does not hold an edge for a long time compared to other steels on the market.
However, if you buy the knife for normal kitchen duties like cutting veggies, meat, and fruits, the sharpness will serve you for about two to three months which is long enough.
On the other hand, if you need a knife for abrasive cutting, do not look into the varieties of X50CrMoV15.
X50CrMoV15 Steel Sharpness
Due to the low amounts of carbon in its composition, X50CrMoV15 Sharpening is easy and it gains terrific sharpness very fast.
Do not be tempted to test the sharpness of X50CrMoV15 knives with your fingers because you will leave the scene bleeding.
This steel is easy to sharpen even for users without knife sharpening skills and tools. Since the steel does not retain an edge for long, it’s easy to sharpen characteristic comes in handy because you will have to sharpen the knife often.
X50CrMoV15 Steel Toughness
Another feature that makes this steel shine is its toughness. As with other steels, you cannot get toughness and hardness in the same steel, and therefore, the toughness of X50CrMoV15 compensates for its inadequate hardness.
You will love the ability of X50CrMoV15 knives to withstand impact and shock during tough applications.
X50CrMoV15 vs vg10
VG10 steel contains high levels of carbon, making it very hard and challenging to sharpen, unlike X50CrMoV15. However, both are good in corrosion resistance. Knives made with VG10 steel are better for camping, while X50CrMoV15 is best for kitchen knives.
X50CrMoV15 vs Cromova 18 Steel
Both X50CrMoV15 and Cromova 18 Steel have the same level of just okay hardness, making them easy to sharpen, but they do not retain an edge for long.
However, Cromova 18 Steel contains high levels of chromium, making it more corrosion resistant.
Also, X50CrMoV15 is more common, reliable, and affordable than Cromova 18 Steel which is only found in Global knives.
Is X50CrMoV15 steel good for Knives?
From the properties discussed above, X50CrMoV15 steel has good corrosion resistance, toughness and it is easy to sharpen, making it good for knives and especially kitchen knives.
If you are looking for camping or hunting knives, you cannot rely on knives made from X50CrMoV15 steel, Knives made from 7Cr17MoV steel would be a good substitute for hunting knives.
X50CrMoV15 does not make among the list of super knife steels, but this does not make it bad steel. If you buy X50CrMoV15 knives and use them for the right purpose that is for kitchen duties you will never regret your purchase.